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Negligent conduct can only attract punitive damages if the misconduct in question was intentional and deliberate and was extreme in nature and such that by any reasonable standard it is deserving of full condemnation and punishment. In the cross-appeal in front of the FCA, the appellant argues the awarded punitive damage is insufficient to satisfy the objective of damages and that the trial judge was limited to a two million dollar ceiling, whereas the respondent argues the excessive nature of … If an employer treats an employee maliciously, or intentionally breaks the law, Courts can punish that employer by awarding the employee what is called “punitive damages”. The Test for the Award of Punitive Damages. Punitive damages should only be awarded in exceptional cases, where the defendant has engaged in extreme misconduct. An employer is obligated to act fairly and in good faith towards their employees. Overview. The leading cases on the award of punitive damages are two Supreme Court of Canada cases, both cited by Judge Yake in Wilderdijk-Streutker v Zhao (at paras 88-89). — The History and Treatment of Damages in Canada. Punitive damages are effective in regulating the behaviour of Canadian physicians; but, don’t let the many stipulations or the behaviour of the CMPA dissuade you from filing a medical malpractice suit should you suffer injury at the hands of your doctor or other healthcare provider. The more recent of the two Supreme Court of Canada decisions is Whiten v. Pilot Insurance Co., [2002] 1 SCR 595, 2002 SCC 18 (CanLII). As the numbers currently stand in Canada, the upper limit for non-pecuniary damages is approximately $360,000. Aggravated & Punitive Danages 1 Nelligan O’Brien Payne LLP www.nelligan.ca. Abstract. Punitive damages must bear a reasonable relationship to the harm caused by the wrongdoer's actions, and are reserved only for situations in which the wrongdoer acted intentionally, recklessly, or with gross negligence in causing the claimant's harm. • Aggravated damages are compensatory while punitive damages are intended to be punishment for wrongdoing. This paper examine the law of exemplary damage in Canada, with a focus on the developments in the Supreme Court of Canada during the late 80s and early 90s in common law (section I) and during the mid-90s in civil law (Section II). In this article we will set out some of the circumstances under which punitive damages are awarded, the kinds of behaviour … June 12, 2020. aggravated damages but was denied punitive damages. Patricia J. Armstrong Lindsay LLP 1000 – 564 Beatty Street Damages have ranged from $10,000 to $1,000,000. Punitive damages bear no relation to what the plaintiff should receive by way of compensation. June 2006. 595 is a leading Supreme Court of Canada decision on the availability of punitive damages in contract. • The same conduct may give rise to aggravated and/or punitive damages. Punitive damages may be awarded in situations where the defendant's misconduct is so malicious, oppressive and high-handed that it offends the court's sense of decency. The British Columbia Court of Appeal upheld the award of aggravated damages and awarded Fidler an additional $100,000 in punitive damages. The case related to the oppressive conduct of an insurance company in dealing with the policyholders' claim following a fire. The Supreme Court of Canada affirmed the award of aggravated damages and provided valuable comments on the nature of aggravated damages. Whiten v Pilot Insurance Co, 2002 SCC 18, [2002] 1 S.C.R. The range for aggravated damages is between $10,000 and $100,000, and the range for punitive damages is between $50,000 and $1 million. 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