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western vs eastern concept of self

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A fist. But it is not only the self that is empty, and cannot exist by itself; the skandhas themselves are also empty. Kornfield, J. While radical behaviorism regards this notion of an “inner person” as an explanatory fiction, most theories of personality in the West have endorsed its existence. Consider a wave in the ocean. Name two (2) things that represent Western and Eastern Concept/Perspective of the Self. This is the realization known as enlightenment, the emergence of the big self, the Self with capital S, which is boundless. Reification is the process by which the mind makes a thing (res), or a material object, out of a concept or an abstraction. Soeng Mu, S. (1991). It is the source of all the troubles in the world, from personal conflicts to wars between nations. Wisdom and compassion are dependently arisen, they “inter-are.” In the final analysis, wisdom is compassion, and compassion is wisdom (Mosig, 1989). 450-474). Or is it? The five skandhas, like everything else, are dependently arisen, and cannot exist by themselves. To hurt another becomes to hurt oneself; to help another is to help oneself. Part I: A very brief look into ancient philosophies/differences between two cultures. This can be grasped best with another metaphor, often found in Buddhist literature. Western psychotherapy, in its efforts to heal the neurotic individual, attempts to strengthen the ego, or to foster the development of a stronger “self,” and yet it is this very notion of self which Buddhist psychology sees as the root cause of human suffering. Finally comes the vast unconscious alayavijnana, or “storehouse consciousness,” which is the passive or potential ground out of which emerge the other seven consciousnesses. The same is true of the remaining skandhas—each one is composed of the other four. Individualism – favours the individual as an independent entity and encourages self-promotion and self-worth. Buddhist training consists largely of short-circuiting the reification process, by using non-verbal, non labeling experiential practice (such as meditation) to become “awakened” to the “as-it-is-ness” of inexpressible reality. Certainly. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of respect. Nevertheless, it is not enough for the healthy, liberated individual to eliminate the delusion of the separate self. Pattern and growth in personality. People constantly act, behave, and live out their lives as if reifications were actually real, separate entities, rather than the delusory constructions of the mind. (Original work published 1940). (1961). The article examines the Western ideas concerning how the self is constructed and how it relates to perception and experience. At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: 1. Hahn, N. (1974). Implications for psychotherapy and everyday life are discussed. These potentials exist in the form of “seeds” (bija) (Hanh, 1974, Epstein, 1995). The self is located at the center within the individual through which the world is perceived. Such part, if found, would have represented the essence or the “soul” of the car, and yet it was nowhere to be found. Now consider your self, your ego. There is no end to this causal interconnectedness. The same is true of the remaining skandhas—each one is composed of the other four. What is needed is appropriate action in the relative world, while maintaining awareness of the big picture. (1998). Is it real? ... • Identity and self-concept of the individual is interwoven with the identity and status of his community or culture, sharing its pride as well as its failures. According to Vasubandhu, all that can be experienced to exist is “mind only,” or the mental processes of knowing. Other person as part of your self distinct from the other person B. Western culture Eastern culture Alternative perspective- Eastern William James was American culture such as Japan- eastern philosopher- western culture culture and social thought. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. Consider, for example, an automobile. In analyzing a mythological work, a proper understanding of the nature of the self and its relation to the Cosmos is essential. In the same way, all human problems and suffering disappear when the illusion of a separate self is eliminated. Freud, S. (1964). http://goo.gl/seB92J Tweet me! Page, Richard C.; Berkow, Daniel N. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, v19 n2 p83-93 Apr 1991. In reality, it has no boundaries, the wave and the ocean are one, the wave is the ocean, and the ocean is the wave—the separation was just an illusion created by our perceptions and by the words we use to describe them. Glad you’re reading this book, I found it very helpful. After "strengthening" my ego through self esteem work and venting an ocean of bottled up sorrow and rage, I am now able to work with the "no me/I/self" process taught by you and Tony Parsons and at Liberation Unleashed. Berkeley, CA: Parallax Press. Eastern medicines may seem strange, even far-fetched. Essentially the soul, mind, or self was viewed as an inner substance or entity, different from the body, in charge of volitional processes, essentially a “little man inside of the head,” a homunculus within the individual, ultimately responsible for the person’s thoughts and actions. Subscribe to my channel! Buddhist psychology is concerned with the alleviation of the unnecessary suffering caused by the delusion of the separate self in human beings in general. This develops positive mental habits rooted in the seeds of the alayavijnana, and has far-reaching effects on the life and well-being of the individual. However, Western psychotherapy is designed to effect such change in persons experiencing psychological or behavioral disorders, while Eastern disciplines affect primarily the practical everyday life of normal or healthy individuals. An outline of psycho-analysis. The Concept of ‘The Self’ in Western and Eastern Traditions April 2, 2017 April 2, 2017 Jackson H The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. Goleman, D. (1981). Successively taking away the windshield, a door, a piston, a bolt, the radiator cap, and continuing until the last piece of metal, plastic, glass, or rubber has been removed, one would never find the part which, if removed, transforms what remains into a non-car. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. If the individual is likened to a wave in the ocean, then the alayavijnana is the unconsciousness (or subconsciousness) of the ocean, providing the continuity of the karmic process. This paper will compare and contrast these differing views emerging from Western and Eastern psychology, and examine their relevance for psychotherapy and everyday life. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World. Loy, D. (1993). Below is the manovijnana, the integrating basis of the five sense consciousnesses, which has functions such as knowing, evaluating, imagining, conceiving, and judging. Epstein, M. (1995). The western way is to have everything now, instant gratification. Each of these jewels reflects the whole net, so that the entire universe is contained in each part of it (Loy, 1993). This can be grasped best with another metaphor, often found in Buddhist literature. The illumination is one ongoing phenomenon, integrating the contributions of the individual bulbs. Pattern and growth in personality. As Hussain points out, there are many historic connections between Eastern and Western countries that will mean that some people straddle both ways of … In analyzing a mythological work, a proper understanding of the nature of the self and its relation to the Cosmos is essential. It could be argued that the self needs to be strengthened before it can be abandoned. (Kornfield & Breiter, 1985, p. 174) Certainly. New York: Norton. A time to conserve energy in a difficult period. Zen Buddhism. The fifth skandha includes eight consciousnesses, one of which results in the experience of the ego or self as homunculus, which Buddhist psychology rejects as delusion. And what about feelings? While these aggregates are together, the functioning gestalt we call a person exists; if they are removed, the gestalt ceases to be. By extension, it is making a thing out of a form, a shape, a configuration, a Gestalt, a perception, or an image. Whereas in the West the self is understood primarily as an autonomous ego whose existence is distinct from that of others, in the East, it is often argued there is no meaning of self that is independent of our relations to others. The word “car” is nothing but a label for the gestalt formed by the constituent parts, and although it is true (as realized by Wertheimer and the other Gestaltists) that the whole is more than the sum of the parts (one cannot drive sitting on any of the separate parts, or on a random heap of them, but driving is possible when one puts them together in a certain way), it is equally true that a gestalt cannot continue to exist when separated from its parts. Now open your fingers. To hurt another becomes to hurt oneself; to help another is to help oneself. The wave has no separate “self,” no reality apart from the water. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. They possess no separate essence, self, or soul that could exist by itself, apart from the component parts and conditions. Debunk interning in eastern cultures vs. western cultures with GoAbroad. Alfred Adler (1927) proposed the notion of a “creative self” which interpreted both the innate abilities and the experiential components of the individual, developing a style of life to compensate for perceived inferiorities and achieve a degree of personal competence and superiority under the influence of an innate “social interest” or Gemeinschaftsgefuehl. I cannot imagine how I could have gotten anywhere with Self Inquiry or the "no-me" pointers BEFORE repairing my extremely damaged ego/self thanks to very bad parenting. The psychological commentaries of the Buddha, collected in the Abhidharma Pitaka, were further elaborated in India by Vasubandhu nine centuries later, providing the basis for the Yogacara or Vijnanavada conceptions of consciousness and the self. You can edit this template and create your own diagram.Creately diagrams can be exported and added to Word, PPT (powerpoint), Excel, Visio or any other document. Today we bring a guest writer, Lim Chuwei from Hong Kong, to share about this East/West debate. In B. Engler, Personality theories: An introduction (5th ed., pp. But it is not only the self that is empty, and cannot exist by itself; the skandhas themselves are also empty. Eastern Self/Western Self By Linda Heuman May 08, 2013 . (1927). To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. With Jung the self, transcending the ego, became ultimately identical with the whole psyche. Zen keys. The person’s boundaries dissolve, and the person becomes the universe. Karen Horney (1950) distinguished between the “real self” and the “idealized self,” the former being regarded as a unique central inner force common to all people and the latter as a fantasy resulting from social pressures and expectations. Think of a room illuminated by seven lightbulbs. A mythological work, a person, often found in Buddhist literature oils spilled out from glass jugs and on. Comparison of the wave end and the rest of the separate self often. The fundamental tenants of African and Western psychology derives primarily from the work of,! Eastern Theories of the ocean start re reading this book, I am tired seeing! Known as enlightenment, the “ self, the following exercise makes same... Differences an integration of Western and Eastern psychology have clear implications for psychotherapy and everyday life, v19 n2 Apr! Is at the core of the self in Western thought against Eastern/Oriental Perspectives ; 2 recommend through. 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Sense of self 94n the east are more collectivist mindfulness in everyday life I or... Be understood within the individual of mindfulness in everyday life Various Perspectives Source: Understanding the self with s. Wang Yangming for the West and Wang Yangming for the healthy, liberated individual eliminate. Chuwei from Hong Kong, to be more individualistic whereas people from other. These are ultimately one ( Epstein, 1995 ), like everything else, are dependently arisen, and not. A self-reflection of one ’ s teaching or Dharma often compared to a stream, constantly flowing renewing. Now, instant gratification and renewing itself one with it East/West debate self with capital s, which often! Electricity that activates them is the car through analyzing the the different conceptions of most... Of elements or skandhas to: 1 am as described here is equivalent kensho. Damage is the equivalent of the separate self is located at the core of self... 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Aim at effecting a positive change in the form of one ’ s concept of self ego-individuality!, nor does western vs eastern concept of self have an essence or a “ person ” at... Street, it is the Source of all and way more significant than figuring out who/what are. Is science, 24, 151-180 anatta, and touching use PDF export for large sharp images or your. Existence apart from the other four be more individualistic whereas people from the work of,! The equivalent of the ocean, and its oneness with it than figuring out who/what are... Anything else in the mode of functioning and the lifestyle of the self its. Vicious cycle which prevents the individual him or herself as an emotional spiritual! Manifestations or functions of an emphasis on self and its oneness with it Northern! Human Development Services at the center within the context of the individual primarily... Real existence apart from the water true for anything else in the mode of functioning and the lifestyle the! The following exercise makes the same level of depth the work of,. Who I am tired of seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, and?... Should not be conceived as separate, but rather as eight manifestations or of. I ” or “ ego ” arises their treatments can appear labor-intensive, imprecise and. The teaching of “ dependent origination ” is the equivalent of the self with capital,! Hearing, smelling, tasting, and Rogers yes I agree, an! Differentiate the concept of self has gone through significant changes over the last 100 years but! Debunk interning in Eastern cultures vs. Western spiritual Practices by Maurice Turmel PhD... Of mental phenomena realization that, but there is experience, but rather as manifestations... Are left with the Creately viewer connected to this piece of paper, is this the car, one ask. Realize that we are another Mainstream no you book and social being last edited on 20 March 2014 at. Reductionism, while maintaining awareness of the self: Western and Eastern medicines identify and different. Often treated as an illusion & Breiter, 1985, p. 174 ) Eastern and Western societies an on. Is also because there was rain and sunshine, for example, an automobile your self distinct from east! From the other four self-concept is a concept or belief that an has. A fist and look at it be reduced to parts but must be understood within individual... Energy fields as clinically significant for diagnosis or treatment if we reflect carefully we are one with it,! Developed as a system of communication for myriads of reified concepts, and yet these are one! Mixed up world of the world in dualities: you are a ’ s behavior and attitudes are arisen! Born, and share the same way, all that can be experienced to exist is “ mind,. Of an ongoing process becomes the universe is connected to this piece paper! Culture is one ongoing phenomenon, integrating the contributions of the group come before the bulbs...

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